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All posts in Arterial Diseases

Embolism_and_embolus

March 11, 2016

Acute arterial occlusion |

Acute arterial occlusion Embolic occlusion An embolus is foreign to the bloodstream which lodges in the artery causing obstruction to the blood flow to the affected part of the body. This is a thrombus and the commonest source is the heart – myocardial infarction (1/3 cases), mitral stenosis, cardiac arrhythmias (AF) and aneurysms. These may …

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May 2, 2015

Dilated Arteries |

An aneurysm is an abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of the artery due to weakness in its wall. Causes It is not clear what causes aneurysms. Some are present at birth (congenital). Defects in some parts of the arterial wall may be responsible. Common locations for aneurysms are: Major arteries from the heart …

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April 22, 2015

Atherosclerosis |

Atherosclerosis It is a condition in which fatty material collects in the walls of the arteries. Over time this fatty material increases, thickens and hardens due to calcium deposition and narrows the artery, eventually blocking it. Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis starts in childhood and increases with age. Growth is enhanced by smoking, high fatty diet, hypetension and …

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April 22, 2015

Vascular Trauma |

This is one of the common emergencies worldwide. A basic understanding of the blunt and penetrating injuries to the extremities and the complications helps minimise mortality and morbidity. Pathophysiology The vascular tree has some limited protection from stretching and bending leading to fewer blunt injuries involving vessels. The smooth muscle in the wall of the …

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April 22, 2015

Compartment Syndrome |

Compartment syndrome It is a limb and life threatening condition observed when the perfusion pressure falls below tissue pressure in a closed anatomic space. Untreated compartment syndrome leads to tissue necrosis, permanent functional impairment and if severe renal failure and death. Possible treatment pitfalls Failure to measure compartment pressures Failure to investigate rhadbomyolysis (muscle breakdown) …

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April 15, 2015

Diabetic Foot |

Diabetes is a combination of several diseases with elevated blood glucose levels affecting various organs like eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels. It reduces the body’s ability to fight infection. Over time it impairs the immune system of the body. Foot problems occur commonly in diabetics and soon become serious. When the nervous system is damaged …

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April 15, 2015

Diabetes |

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease when the body does not make enough hormone insulin or cannot use it properly. Type I is when the pancreas produces no insulin. In type II diabetes the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells ignore the insulin. 95% of the people have type II …

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